150+ Best Sky Objects to Know
  Dist   Cons Name Desc
T       Sb And g Andromedae Attractive double star. Bright orange star with mag 5 blue companion, Sep=9.8"
B   2.93M   G And M31 The Andromeda Galaxy. Most distant object visible to naked eye.
E   16.8   S Aql Altair Brightest star in Aquila. "the flying eagle"
B   1.2K   Sv Aql h Aquilae Bright Cepheid variable. Mag 3.5-4.5 over 7.166 days
E   42   S Aur Capella The 6th brightest star. Appears yellowish in color. Spectroscopic binary
B   4.3K   Co Aur M38 Stars appear arranged in "pi" or cross shape.
B   4.1K   Co Aur M36 About half size of M38. Located in rich Milky Way star field.
B   4.4K   Co Aur M37 Very fine star cluster. Discovered by Messier in 1754.
T       Np Aqr NGC 7009 Saturn Nebula. Requires 8-inch telescope to see Saturn-like appendages
T   300   Np Aqr NGC 7293 Helix Nebula. Spans nearly 1/4 deg. Requires dark sky.
B       Cg Aqr M02 Resembles a fuzzy star in binoculars
T       Sb Ari g Arietis Impressive looking double blue-white star. Visible in small telescope, Sep=7.8"
B   7k   Cg Ara NGC 6397 Thought to be the nearest globular
E   37   S Boo Arcturus Orange giant K star. "bear watcher"
T       Sb Boo e Bootis Red giant star (mag 2.5) with a blue-green mag 4.9 companion, Sep=2.8. Difficult to split.
T   19   Sb Cas h Cassiopeiae Yellow star mag 3.4 & orange star mag 7.5, Orbit=480 years, Sep=12"
E   8.6   S CMa Sirius The brightest star in the sky. "Dog Star"
B   2.3K   Co CMa M41 First recorded observation by Aristotle in 325BC as "cloudy spot".
E   11.4   S CMi Procyon Greek "before the dog" - rises before Sirius (northern latitudes)
E       Sv Cep d Cephei Cepheid prototype. Mag varies between 3.5 & 4.4 over 5.366 days. Mag 6 companion
B       Sv Cep m Cephei Herschel's Garnet Star. One of the reddest stars. Mag 3.4-5.1 over 730 days
B       Sv Cet Mira Famous long period variable star. Mag 3.0-10.1 over 332 days
B   577   Co Cnc M44 Praesepe or Beehive Cluster. Visible to the naked eye.
T   2.35K   Co Cnc M67 Contains 500+ stars mag 10 & fainter. One of the oldest clusters.
B       Cg CVn M03 Easy to find in binoculars. Might be glimpsed with the naked eye.
T   15M   G CVn M94 Compact nearly face-on spiral galaxy.
T   25M   G CVn M51 Whirlpool Galaxy. First recognised to have spiral structure.
T       Sb Cyg Albireo Beautiful double star. Contrasting colours of orange and blue-green, Sep=34.4
B       Sv Cyg c Cygni Long period pulsating red giant. Mag 3.3-14.2 over 407 days
B   900   Co Cyg M39 May be visible to the naked eye under good conditions.
T   11.4   Sb Cyg 61 Cygni Attractive double star. Mags 5.2 & 6.1 orange dwarfs, Sep=28.4
E   3K   S Cyg Deneb Brightest star in Cygnus. One of the greatest known supergiants.
B   260   Co Com Mel 111 Coma Berenices. 80 mag 5-6 stars in 5 deg. Age=400 million years.
T       G Com M64 Black-Eye Galaxy. Discovered by J.E.Bode in 1775. "a small nebulous star"
E   4.4   Sb Cen a Centauri Nearest bright star to Sun. Brilliant double star in a telesccope. 80 year period.
E   525   S Cen b Centauri With alpha Centauri, forms the so-called "Pointers-to-the-Cross"
B   17K   Cg Cen w Centauri Largest and brightest globular star cluster in sky. 1 million stars
T   14M   G Cen NGC 5128 Bisected by a wide obscuring lane. Strong radio source
T       Np Cen NGC 3918 The Blue Planetary. Visible in a small telescope as a round blue disk
E   310   S Car Canopus Second brightest star in the sky. 14,000 times more luminous than our Sun
B       Sv Car R.Carinae Long period variable. Mag 3.9-10.5 over 309 days
B   500   Co Car IC 2602 The Southern Pleiades. Bright cluster twice diameter of full Moon
B   1.2K   Co Car NGC 2516 Spectacular open star cluster of 100 stars spaning 1/2 deg
B       Cg Car NGC 2808 Located 4 deg W of Nu Carinae. Visible to the naked eye on clear nights
B   2.9K   Co Car NGC 3114 Stunning open cluster. 30+ stars visible through 7x binoculars
B   8.5K   Co Car NGC 3293 Rich, tightly packed. Surrounded by large, faint nebulosity
B   8.0K   Nd Car NGC 3372 Eta Carinae Nebula. Enormous glowing cloud in rich star field
B   1.3K   Co Car NGC 3532 Herschel - "most brilliant cluster" 60+ stars in 7x binoculars
E   600   Nd Cru CoalSack Most famous naked-eye dark nebula. Requires dark sky
B   7.6K   Co Cru NGC 4755 Jewel Box. Outstanding star cluster. Many contrasting colours
T   100   Sb Del g Delphini Appear yellow & white. Mags 4.3 & 5.2 Struve 2725 double in same field
T       Nd Dor NGC 2070 Tarantula Nebula. A bright nebula located in LMC. A star-forming region
B   180K   G Dor LMC Large Magellanic Cloud. A neighbouring galaxy of the Milky Way
B   100   Sd Dra n Draconis Wide pair of white stars. One of the finest binocular pairs in the sky.
T       Sb Eri t Eridani Striking blue-white double star. Mags 3.2 & 4.3 Visible in small telescope, Sep=8.2"
E   144   S Eri Achernar Brightest star in Eridanus, The River. Arabic "end of river"
E   52   Sd Gem Castor Multiple star system with 6 components. 3 stars visible in telescope
E   34   S Gem Pollux With Castor, the twin sons of Leda in classical mythology
B   2.8K   Co Gem M35 Fine open cluster located near foot of the twin Castor.
E       Sv Her a Herculis Semi-regular variable. Mag 3.1-3.9 over 90 days, Mag 5.4 companion
B   23K   Cg Her M13 Best globular in northern skies. Discovered by Halley in 1714
B       Cg Her M92 Fainter and smaller than M13. Use a telescope to resolve its stars
B   2K   Co Hya M48 12+ stars in 7x binoculars. Triangular asterism near centre.
T       G Hya M83 Classic face-on spiral. Discovered in 1752 by Lacaille. In attractive star field
B       Sv Hya R.Hydrae Long period variable. Mag 3.0-11.0 over 390 days. Brilliant Red.
T   2.6K   Np Hya NGC 3242 Ghost of Jupiter. Bright blue disk. Mag 11 central star.
E   77   S Leo Regulus Brightest star in Leo. A blue-white star with at least 1 companion
T       Sb Leo g Leonis Superb pair of golden-yellow giant stars. Mags 2.2 & 3.5 Orbit=600 years Sep=4.4"
B   30   Sb Lep g Leporis Visible with binoculars. Gold & white stars. Mags 3.6 & 6.2 Sep=96.3"
T   1.8K   Co Lup NGC 4822 Large attractive cluster. Open cluster NGC 5823 to the south
E   25.3   S Lyr Vega The 5th brightest star in the sky. A blue-white star.
T       Sb Lyr b Lyrae Eclipsing binary. Mag 3.3-4.3 over 12.94 days. Fainter mag 7.2 blue star
B       Sd Lyr e Lyrae Famous Double Double. Binoculars show a double star. High power reveals each a double.
B       Sv Lyr R.Lyrae Semi-regular variable. Mag 3.9-5.0 over 46.0 days
T   4.1K   Np Lyr M57 Ring Nebula. Magnificent object. Smoke-ring shape
T       Sb Mon b Monocerotis Triple star. Mags 4.6, 5.0 & 5.4 Requires telescope to view arc-shape, Sep=7.3"
B   3K   Co Mon M50 Visible with binoculars. Telescope reveals individual stars.
B   1.3K   Co Mon NGC 2232 A large scattered star cluster of 20 stars.
B   5.54K   Co Mon NGC 2244 Surrounded by the rather faint Rosette Nebula
T   2.45K   Co Mon NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cluster. Associated with the Cone Nebula.
E   770   S Ori Rigel The brightest star in Orion. Blue supergiant star with mag 7 companion
E   430   S Ori Betelgeuse One of the largest red supergiant stars known. Diameter=300 times that of Sun
T       Sd Ori s Orionis Superb multiple star. 2 mag 7 stars one side, mag 9 star on other. Struve 761 triple in field.
B   1.63K   Co Ori Cr 69 Lambda Orionis Cluster.
B   1.5K   Nd Ori M42 The Great Orion Nebula. Spectacular bright nebula. Best with telescope.
B   18K   Cg Oph M12 Close to the brighter M10
B   14K   Cg Oph M10 3 degrees from the fainter M12. Both may be glimpsed in binoculars
B       Co Oph IC 4665 Large, scattered open cluster. Visible with binoculars
B       Co Oph NGC 6633 Scattered open cluster. Visible with binoculars
B   3K   Cg Peg M15 Only globular known to contain a planetary nebula (Mag 15, d=1")
E       Sv Per Algol Famous eclipsing binary star. Magnitude varies between 2.1 & 3.4 over 2.867 days.
B   7.3K   Co Per Dbl Clust Double Cluster in Perseus. NGC869 & 884. Excellent in binoculars.
E   25   S PsA Fomalhaut Brightest star in Piscis Austrinus. Arabic "fish's mouth"
B   1.5K   Co Pup M47 Bright star cluster. 15+ stars in 7x binoculars.
B   5.4K   Co Pup M46 Contains planetary NGC 2438 (Mag 11, d=65"). not associated.
B   850   Co Pup NGC 2451 30+ stars in binoculars. The brightest star, c Puppis, is red
B   4.2K   Co Pup NGC 2477 Very rich but distant star cluster. Resembles globular through binoculars
T       Sb Pup k Puppis Telescope easily shows two blue-white stars of almost equal brightness, Sep=9.9"
B       Sv Pup L-two Semi-regular variable. Mag 2.5-6.2 over 140.42 days
B       Sv Pav k Pavonis Cepheid-type Mag 3.9-4.8 over 9.088 days
B   14K   Cg Pav NGC 6752 One of the better globular star clusters in the sky
B   5.2K   Nd Sgr M08 Lagoon Nebula. Bright nebula bisected by a dark lane
T   4.9K   Nd Sgr M17 Omega Nebula. Contains the star cluster NGC6618
T   5.2K   Nd Sgr M20 Trifid Nebula. A telescope shows 3 dust lanes trisecting nebula
T   4.2K   Co Sgr M21 A fine and impressive cluster.
B   10K   Cg Sgr M22 A spectacular globular star cluster. Telescope will show stars
T   2.1K   Co Sgr M23 Elongated star cluster. Telescope required to show stars
B   1.9K   Co Sgr M25 Bright cluster located about 6 deg N of "teapot's lid"
E   135.9   S Sco Antares Red supergiant star. "rival of Mars"
B   7K   Cg Sco M04 A close globular. May just be visible without optical aid
B   1.96K   Co Sco M06 Butterfly Cluster. 30+ stars in 7x binoculars
B   780   Co Sco M07 Superb open cluster. Visible to the naked eye. Age=260 Million years
T   1.6K   Co Sco NGC 6124 Contains 5 bright tightly packed stars near centre. 7 star chain.
B   5.9K   Co Sco NGC 6231 Easy to see in binoculars
B   25K   Cg Spu M05 Fine globular star cluster. Telescope will reveal individual stars
T   5.6K   Co Sca M16 Eagle Nebula. Requires a telescope of large aperture
B       G Scl NGC 253 Fine, large, cigar-shaped galaxy. Requires dark sky. Member of Sculptor Group
T   5.6K   Co Sct M11 Wild Duck Cluster. Resembles a globular through binoculars. V-shaped
T   2.3M   G Tri M33 Fine face-on spiral galaxy. Requires a large aperture telescope.
B   2.7K   Co TrA NGC 6025 A small open star cluster in Milky Way
E   380   Co Tau Pleiades The Seven Sisters. Spectacular cluster. Many more stars visible in binoculars.
E   151   Co Tau Hyades Large V-shaped star cluster. Binoculars reveal many more stars
E   65   S Tau Aldebaran Brightest star in Taurus. It is not associated with the Hyades star cluster.
T   6.5K   Np Tau M01 Crab Nebula. Remnant from supernova which was visible in 1054.
B   15K   Cg Tuc 37 Tucanae Spectacular object. Telescope will reveal stars. Near edge of SMC
B   210K   G Tuc SMC Small Magellanic Cloud. Companion galaxy to Milky Way. Requires dark skies
E       Sd UMi Polaris The North Pole Star. A telescope reveals an unrelated mag 8 companion star.
T       G UMa M81 Beautiful spiral galaxy visible with binoculars. Easy to see in a telescope.
T       G UMa M82 Close to M81 but much fainter and smaller.
B       Sd UMa Mizar&Alcor Good eyesight or binoculars reveals 2 stars. Not a binary. Mizar has mag 4 companion.
B   450   Co Vel IC 2391 Omicron Velorum Cluster. Superb object for binoculars
B   1.3K   Co Vel NGC 2547 Fine open cluster visible through binoculars
T   2.6K   Np Vel NGC 3132 One of the brightest planetaries. Mag 10 central star
E   260   S Vir Spica Latin "ear of wheat" and shown held in Virgo's left hand.
T       G Vir M104 Sombrero Galaxy. Almost edge-on spiral galaxy. Protruding central core
T       Sb Vir g Virginis Superb pair of mag 3.5 yellow-white stars. Orbit=169 years. Closest in 2005.
B       Co Vul Cr 399 Coathanger asterism or "Brocchi's Cluster". Not a true star cluster. Dist=218-1.14K
T   975   Np Vul M27 Dumbell Nebula. Large, twin-lobed shape. Most spectacular planetary

 E Naked Eye  
 B Binoculars 
 T Telescope  
S   Star    - Single Star
Sv  Star    - Variable Magnitude over time
Sd  Star    - Double/Multiple
Sb  Star    - Binary Orbit Period, Seperation "
Co  Cluster - Open
Cg  Cluster - Globular
Np  Nebula  - Planetary
Nd  Nebula  - Diffuse
G   Galaxy  -
Distance is (ly) Light Years... or K (x1000) or M (x1000 000)